Fresh, sparkling water straight from the tap is the goal of every water municipality, and with the oversight of the EPA, we're lucky to have easy access to safe, quality, drinking water. Water municipalities produce yearly reports on water quality, and the EPA drinking water site is a great place to view the reports about what water impurities exist in your area. Water contamination frequently occurs when aging pipes and infrastructure bring compromised water into your home.
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Elevated impurities in the water should be monitored, and if they are at or above what is considered safe by the EPA, you may want to consider installing a water filtration system for peace of mind, making sure your drinking water is very safe every time you pour a glass. This is especially true if young, elderly or immune system compromised people reside in your house. You might be wondering, what impurities are water filters taking out? That's a good question and read the list below to learn about five water contaminants that water filters eliminate or reduce to safe levels.
Lead usually seeps into the water system through old lead piping or lead solder, or even other natural sources of lead in the plumbing system. Similar to nitrate, lead is very dangerous for young children. Concentrations of lead in the bloodstream may cause nervous disorders, and brain or kidney damage. Have your water tested for lead every three to five years or more frequently if you live in an older home, or are connected to an older infrastructure. Make sure to use a water filter certified to remove lead and replace the filters as recommended by the manufacturers.
A naturally occurring metal, traces of arsenic are present in all living things. It exists in rocks, soil, and even water when it seeps into aquifers. Even though some arsenic occurs naturally in water, improper disposal of wastes also contaminates drinking water with arsenic. Concern arises when levels above the EPA standards are present in drinking water because of increased risks of illnesses. With prolonged exposure to arsenic, health problems may arise, so it is best to keep arsenic levels to at or below EPA standards(10 micrograms/liter). Ion exchange and reverse osmosis effectively reduce arsenic levels in drinking water.
In Florida, the most common test for bacteria in the water is the coliform test. By itself, coliform bacteria are not harmful, but it could indicate other, more harmful bacteria are present. Diarrhea is the most common symptom of water contaminated with these types of bacteria. Be alert to changes in the color, taste, or smell of your water and consider testing to rule out any bacteria that could sicken your family. Distilling water filters and ultraviolet filters work well to eliminate bacteria from household water.
Nitrates tested at levels above the safe EPA level pose a threat to young children and the elderly or infirm. Wells near agricultural areas are most susceptible to this contaminant, and in this situation, testing should be scheduled every three years. Reverse osmosis and ion exchange filters are two water filters generally used to remove nitrates from household water.
5. Chemical Contaminants
Strong chlorine taste and odor in water are minimized with water filtration systems, but other more harmful chemicals present in the water are also filtered out. Pesticides such as ethylene dibromide (EDB) seep into the groundwater as a result of agricultural activity. The largest source of groundwater contamination in Florida is leaking underground petroleum storage tanks. For these reasons, periodic testing of well water is the recommendation by the Florida Department of Health. Granular activated carbon(GAC) filters remove pesticides, chemicals that give objectionable odors to water, such as hydrogen sulfide (rotten eggs odor), and chlorine.
If you are concerned about your water or if you need a baseline water test, contact us at Certain Services, Inc and schedule a test. We assess well and municipal water sources and recommend custom water treatment services to ensure clean, sweet, water is readily available in your household.